Glossary: Some Basic Definitions
Accreditation: The qualification may be accredited by the national curriculum authority, and/or by an independent organisation. That is, the national curriculum authority or the independent organisation gives assurance that the qualification is of an appropriate standard.

Awarding Body: (See Examination Board or Awarding Body)

Course Provider: The school or institution that teaches a course.

ELT: English Language Teaching - a general, inclusive term used in the profession.

EAL: English as an Additional Language - English taught to non-English speakers who live in the UK and who need English for study or other purposes, in primary, secondary and tertiary education. EAL was formerly referred to as ESL (English as a Second Language) or E2L.

Examination Board or Awarding Body: The body that sets and marks the examinations and/or assessment procedures needed in order to obtain the qualification. The ‘awarding body' is the institution whose name will appear on the certificate that is given as a result of success on a course.

(T)ESOL: (Teaching) English to Speakers of Other Languages The expression which is used to cover all forms of English teaching to non- English speakers; sometimes also used instead of EAL or ESL - see below.
(T)EFL: (Teaching) English as a Foreign Language
English taught to learners, both overseas and in the UK, who do not normally live or work in an English-speaking country.
Note: There are many similar expressions which relate to aspects of ELT which are not of immediate concern here. The most common are EIL (English as an International Language),

ELF (English as a Lingua Franca) or LFE (Lingua Franca English),

ESP (English for Specific Purposes),

(English for Academic Purposes),

EYL (English for Young Learners), etc.

Monitoring: The course may be monitored by the examination board or by an independent awarding body. That is, the examination board or awarding body checks to ensure that the course is taught to an appropriate standard. In turn, the examination board or awarding body may be monitored by the national curriculum authority.

Recognition: The qualification can be recognised by employers and/or by other educational institutions as an appropriate preparation for employment or further study. That is, the employers or educational institutions accept that the
qualification is a reliable indicator of the teaching competence of any holder who is seeking employment or who wishes to undertake further study.


Teaching Practice:
An opportunity for the trainee teacher to teach genuine learners of English under the guidance of properly qualified trainers or mentors; an essential part of any initial teacher training course, even for teachers already
qualified to teach other curriculum subjects, since teaching a language is unlike teaching any other subject.

Validation: The course can be validated by the Examination Board or by an independent awarding body. That is, the Examination Board or awarding body checks the course to ensure that the curriculum as offered is appropriate.